What Are the Functions of Human Resource Management?

Know about the key importance of HRM in an organisation

05 Jul, 2017


Human Resource Management is the process to recruit and select employees, provide orientation and induction, give compensation and benefits, motivate and maintain proper relations with individuals, and keep their safety in consent with the company. Every organisation wants to have skilled and competent people to make their business more efficient than their competitors.

Human capital is a valuable asset for a firm rather than other resources as without employees no activity can be performed. Here are a few functions of Human Resource Management in an organisation. So without delay, let’s get started!

Managerial Function

The first and foremost purpose of an HR Manager is to perform managerial functions. To understand this feature of HRM clearly, you need to get knowledge about its sub-parts, namely:


Planning is necessary to get the work done by the employees of the company. It helps in setting goals, implementing policies and strategies, and planning job requirements and descriptions to reach the short and long-term objectives of the organisation.


The second chief part of managerial function is organising. After making a plan to reach the goal, the HR Manager should develop organisation structure which is mandatory to carry out the actions like assigning and coordinating activities to individuals.


Directing is used to motivate the subordinates to accomplish the set targets. There are different ways to encourage the employees including monetary and non-monetary incentives such as bonus, profit sharing, salary administration, appreciation and recognition, developing welfare and job security.


Controlling is related to the governance of activities according to the plan. It also helps the HR Manager to manage and observe the performance of individuals of different departments.

Operative Function

The operative function of Human Resource Management usually refers to the duties that are concerned with development, recruitment and remuneration of the employees working in an organisation.


The primary function of the Human Resource Management is to select the number of candidates from the pool of job seekers who can work efficiently and meet their job responsibilities.


Development includes training of employees to enhance their skills for the position they have been recruited. The HR Manager should use various on and off-job training methods such as coaching, job rotation, apprenticeship, vestibule training, sensitivity training, conference, etc.


Compensation involves the wages of employees as per their organisational objectives. For this, the Human Resource Department uses various methods, for instance, performance appraisal and job assessment.

Employee welfare

This function of HRM states numerous benefits that are provided to employees such as the cafeteria, restrooms, insurance, recreational facilities, education for children of individuals, etc. And it also involves the steps taken for the safety of the people working in the company.

The HR department is responsible for the growth and development of an organisation. We suggest you to pursue this subject course to experience true success in your life. As a Human Resource Management student, you might need assistance in completing your academic documents, if yes, then feel free to take guidance from our professionals who have solutions to all your problems related to this subject.


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What Are the Functions of Human Resource Management?

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