Select a policy from the list of examples found in Chapter 1 of Criminal Justice Policy in Table 1.1 “Examples of Federal Criminal Justice Policies” (Mallicoat, 2014). In this discussion, you will evaluate your selected criminal justice policy by using one of the models (i.e., Packer’s, Feeley’s, or Cox and Wade’s) discussed in Chapter 2 of The Public Policy of Crime and Criminal Justice (Marion & Oliver, 2012).
Initial Post: After selecting one of the criminal justice policies as identified by Mallicoat, evaluate it based on one of the models identified in The Public Policy of Crime and Criminal Justice, and explain your conclusions based on your evaluation of the current criminal justice system. In your examination of the policy process, determine if the policy under review is symbolic or substantive. Finally, determine the major goal and secondary goal of the policy based on Box 2.1 “Major Goals of the Criminal Justice System,” in The Public Policy of Crime and Criminal Justice (Marion & Oliver, 2012). Support your claims with examples from the required materials and/or other scholarly sources, and properly cite your references with both in-text and APA citations at the end of your post. Your initial post is due by Day 3 (Thursday) and should be at least 400 words in length.
Guided Response: Review your peers’ posts, and substantively respond in a meaningful way to at least two of your peers using a different Marion and Oliver model for each response. Do you come to different conclusions or different priorities using different models? Do the goals of the policy change? In addition, respond to at least one Instructor
Table 1.1 Examples of Federal Criminal Justice Policies in Federal prisons and their length of sentences for these crimes accounted for one-third of the prison growth between 1998 and 2010 (Mallik-Kane, Parthasarathy, & Adams, 2012). Much of this • Controlled Substances Act (Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970) – Regulated the manufacturing, importation, possession, and use of controlled substances (both legal and illegal). • Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act of 2005 – Regulates the over-the-counter sale of medicinal products containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine and phenylpropanolamine (products typically found in cold medications and used to manufacture methamphetamine). • Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 – Enacted mandatory minimum sentences for drug possession. • Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 – Changed the sentencing ratio between crack cocaine and powder cocaine to 1 to 18 (previously a 1 to 100 ratio). • Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 (Comprehensive Crime Control Act) – Created sentencing structure for Federal offenses, established the U.S. Sentencing Commission, and abolished Federal parole. • Sex Offender (Jacob Wetterling) Act of 1994 – Requires convicted sex offenders to notify policy of changes to residency and employment status. • Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 – Organizes sex offenders into a 3-tier system and mandates timelines for registration based on tier. Creates a national sex offender registry and provides for the civil commitment for sexually dangerous persons. • U.S. Patriot Act (2001) – Expanded the power of police agencies to gather intelligence data on terrorism suspects, and broadened discretionary powers to detain and deport immigrants suspected of terrorism. • Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009 – Enhanced criminal punishments for Federal fraud laws, including mortgage fraud, securities fraud, commodities fraud, and fraud by financial institutions. • Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 – Deinstitutionalized status offenders, provided for separation from youth and adult inmates, and required the states to review disproportionate minority confinement. Created the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and the National Institute for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (NIJJDP). Reauthorized six times (1977, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, and 2002) with additional provisions, such as addressing gender bias, an emphasis on prevention and treatment, family strengthening, graduate sanctions, risk and needs assessments, and funding provisions. • Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 – Largest crime bill in history. Includes: o Federal Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 (banned the manufacturing of all fully automatic firearms and selected semi-automatic firearms, as well as high capacity ammunition magazines) o Federal Death Penalty Act of 1994 (increased the number of federal crimes that are eligible for the death penalty) o Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (provided funding for the prosecution of offenders of crimes of domestic violence, imposed mandatory restitution, and created opportunities for civil remedies for victims. Reauthorized in 2000 and 2005) o Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) program of 2000 (provided funding to implement community policing programs in jurisdictions nationwide)
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