Outstanding Guide to Transition Words and Phrases

A transition is a change from one idea to another idea in writing or speaking and can be achieved using transition terms or phrases. These are most often placed at the beginning of sentences, independent clauses, and paragraphs and thus establish a specific relationship between ideas or groups of ideas. Transitions are used to create “flow” in your paper and make its logical development clearer to readers.

Transition Words & Phrases: The List and Usage Guide | Solvid

Categories of Transitions

Transitions accomplish many different objectives. We can divide all transitions into four basic categories:

  • Additive transitions signal to the reader that you are adding or referencing information
  • Adversative transitions indicate conflict or disagreement between pieces of information
  • Causal transitions point to consequences and show cause-and-effect relationships
  • Sequential transitions clarify order and sequence of information and the overall structure of the paper

Additive Transitions

These terms signal that new information is being added (between both sentences and paragraphs); introduce or highlight information; refer to something that was just mentioned; add similar situation; or identify certain information as important.

Making Writing Flow with Transitional Words and Phrases | Proofed

Common Terms
Common Phrases
Examples in Research Writing
Adding Information Also; Additionally; Furthermore; Moreover In addition to; As well as; In fact; Not only…but also; As a matter of fact “Furthermore, the data shows that X is a significant factor.”“In addition to the above-mentioned study, Rogers also presents…”
Introducing/Highlighting Particularly; Notably; Especially For example/instance; To illustrate; In particular; One example (of this is) “Notably, only two species of this fish survive.”“One example of this phenomenon is X.”
Referencing Considering (this); Concerning (this); Regarding (this) As for (this); The fact that; With regards to (this); On the subject of (this); Looking at (this information) “Considering the amount of research in this area, little evidence has been found.”“With regards to the Blue Whale, its teeth are also the largest of any mammal.”
Showing Similarity Similarly; Likewise; Equally By the same token; In the same way; In a similar way “Likewise, the algorithm was applied to Y.”“By the same token, this principle can be applied to Z.”
Clarifying/Identifying Important Information Specifically; Namely That is (to say); In other words; (To) put (it) another way; What this means is; This means (that) “There are two factors: namely, X and Y.”“In other words, the fall of the Empire was caused by over-expansion.”

Adversative Transitions

These terms and phrases distinguish facts, arguments, and other information, whether by contrasting and showing differences; by conceding points or making counterarguments; by dismissing the importance of a fact or argument; or replacing and suggesting alternatives.

Making Writing Flow with Transitional Words and Phrases | Proofed

Common Terms
Common Phrases
Examples in Research Writing
Contrasting/ Showing conflict But; Still; However; While; Whereas; Conversely; (and) yet In contrast; On the contrary; On the other hand; …when in fact; By way of contrast “However, there is still more research needed.”“On the other hand, the 1997 study does not recognize these outcomes.”
Distinguishing/ Emphasizing Indeed; Besides; Significantly; Primarily Even more; Above all; More/Most importantly “Indeed, a placebo is essential to any pharmaceutical study.”“Most importantly, the X enzyme increased.”
Conceding a point Nevertheless; Nonetheless; Although; Despite (this); However; Regardless (of this); Admittedly Even so; Even though; In spite of (this); Notwithstanding (this); Be that as it may “Nevertheless, X is still an important factor.”“In spite of this fact, New York still has a high standard of living.”“Although this may be true, there are still other factors to consider.”
Dismissing an argument or assertion Regardless (of) Either way; In any case; In any event; Whatever happens; All the same; At any rate “Regardless of the result, this fact is true.”“Either way, the effect is the same.”“In any event, this will not change the public’s view.”
Replacing/ Indicating an Alternative Instead (of); (or) rather; (or) at least “Instead of using X, the scientists used Z.”“Or rather, why not implement a brand new policy?”

Causal Transitions

These terms and phrases signal the reasons, conditions, purposes, circumstances, and cause-and-effect relationships. These transitions often come after an important point in the paper has been established or to explore hypothetical relationships or circumstances.

Transition Words and Phrases to Improve Your Writing | Grammarly Blog

Common Terms
Common Phrases
Examples in Research Writing
Showing Cause or Reason Since; For; As; Because (of the fact that) Due to (the fact that); For the reason that; Owing to (the fact); Inasmuch as “Since the original sample group was too small, researchers called for more participants.”“Due to budgetary demands, funding will be cut in half.”
Explaining the Conditions If…then; Unless; Granting (that); Granted (that); Provided (that) In the event that; As/So long as; Only if “Unless these conditions change, more will need to be done.”“As long as there is oxygen, there will be oxygenation.”
Showing the Effects/Results Consequently; Therefore; Thus; Accordingly; Because (of this) As a result (of this); For this reason; As a consequence; So much (so) that “Therefore, we can conclude that this was an asymmetric catalysis.”“As a consequence, many consumers began to demand safer products.”
Showing the Purpose For the purpose(s) of; With (this fact) in mind; In the hope that; In order that/to; So as to “For the purpose of following standards, X rule was observed.”“With the current state of pandas in mind, this study focused on preservation.”
Highlighting the Importance of Circumstances Otherwise Under those circumstances; That being the case; In that case; If so; All else being equal “Otherwise, this effect will continue into the future.”“All else being equal, the economic impact of this law seems positive.”

Sequential Transitions

These transition terms and phrases organize your paper by numerical sequence; by showing continuation in thought or action; by referring to previously-mentioned information; by indicating digressions; and, finally, by concluding and summing up your paper. Sequential transitions are essential to creating structure and helping the reader understand the logical development through your paper’s methods, results, and analysis.

Transition Words: Examples In Sentences, Paragraphs & Essays

Common Terms
Common Phrases
Examples in Research Writing
Organizing by Number Initially; Secondly; Thirdly; (First/Second/Third); Last First of all; To start with; In the (first/second/third) place “Initially, subjects were asked to write their names.”“First of all, dolphins are the smartest creatures in the sea.”
Showing Continuation Subsequently; Previously; Afterwards; Eventually; Next; After (this)   “Subsequently, subjects were taken to their rooms.”“Afterwards, they were asked about their experiences.”
Summarizing/ Repeating Information (Once) again; Summarizing (this) To repeat; As (was) stated before; As (was) mentioned earlier/above “Summarizing this data, it becomes evident that there is a pattern.”“As mentioned earlier, pollution has become an increasing problem.”
Digression/Resumption Incidentally; Coincidentally; Anyway By the way; to resume; Returning to the subject; At any rate “Coincidentally, the methods used in the two studies were similar.”“Returning to the subject, this section will analyze the results.”
Concluding/ Summarizing Thus; Hence; Ultimately; Finally; Therefore; Altogether; Overall; Consequently

Transitions: A Complete Guide (with 100+ Examples) - The Grammar Guide

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